Political Analysis for Citizen-Led Accountability

Transparency, citizen engagement and accountability are inherently political processes, involving power relationships between and among actors in the state and society.  There are increasing calls for more politically-informed and savvy approaches to addressing accountability issues, moving away from tool-driven projects towards more flexible and adaptive approaches to navigating the complex governance landscape.  This shift to…

Mobilizing Accountability: Citizens, Movements and the State

How do citizens ensure that their governments are more accountable to them?  This question is at the center of many pro-accountability efforts across diverse contexts.  External actors have invested significant resources in supporting citizen and civil society-led accountability approaches, often under the labels of ‘civil society advocacy’ and ‘social accountability’, with mixed results (see here…

Accountability Institutions and Accountability Ecosystems: From Evidence to Practice

In Western democracies, government accountability has often been conceptualized along two dimensions: vertically through periodic elections of government representatives, and horizontally through the division of powers and checks and balances between branches of government.  However, citizens in stable democratic countries often feel that governments are increasingly unaccountable and that democracy is being hollowed out.  In…